10 Ways to Build Stronger Bones, Then Maintain And Protect Them

Coach Christine: ACSM, AA

Christine Bettera grew up playing competitive softball, where her coaching journey began. She then gravitated toward solo alternative sports like skateboarding and snowboarding. She completed her personal training certification from Lake Tahoe Community College where she also studied nutrition, took health, fitness and wellness classes and participated in a training internship. She is certified by the American College of Sports Medicine, and is also certified in Aqua Barre, TRX training, and Progressive Calisthenics.
stronger bones

Bone Health for Women: How to Build Stronger Bones

To live a long, healthy life, it’s critical to build strong bones as we age.

Every day in my personal training and nutrition coaching practice I help women get stronger and meet their health and fitness goals through improved nutrition and exercise. 

As a female athlete, mom, and fitness professional I want to help my clients get stronger and live their best lives through what I have learned over my many years performing and coaching other women

Most women walk into a gym because they want to lose weight, get stronger or change their body composition, but what they often don’t realize until they are entrenched in the process of getting healthier, is that training benefits far outreach just our outer natural health appearances. 

For women, this has an even greater health implication in the form of bone health, because as we age we have a greater chance of getting osteoporosis, which is a loss in bone density. Bone density is a measurement of the amount of calcium and other minerals found in your bones.

Both osteopenia (low bone mass) and osteoporosis (brittle bones) are conditions characterized by low bone density. 

In addition to normal aging changes, women are more at risk because we have smaller bones than men and lose bone faster because of hormone changes that happen after menopause. 

Through health training and proper nutrition, we can help slow and in some cases even counteract these changes that occur in our bones for improved health, quality of life, and longevity and stronger bones.

The Benefits Of Having Stronger Bones

The sooner a woman starts to add and build these nutrition, health and training strategies in her life, the better. The sooner, the better for building and maintaining strong health habits and routines that lead to lifelong bone health and stronger bones. 

By the time we have reached age 20, most of us have reached our bone density peak. 

With this in mind, there is no time to waste in building a healthy, stronger routine. Having strong, healthy bones will lead to less risk of breaks, and injury as we age. But more simply, bones play many important roles in our bodies. These roles include: providing a stronger structure, protecting organs, anchoring muscles, storing calcium, providing stronger movement, and more. 

With these functions in mind, it’s more than a little important to build and maintain one of your body’s more important structural aspects and build strong bones.

If our bodies are our homes, then it’s pretty important to have a solid structure to build on. Your bones are your literal foundation, to a healthy strong body, no matter what your health goals are.

Use these tips to build strong stronger bones and overall health: 

weights build bones

Tip #1: Perform Weight-Bearing Exercises And Strength Train To Build Stronger Bones

If you take one thing away from this article today, it should be that studies have shown that both weightlifting and strength training help promote natural bone growth and maintain the existing bone. 

Not only does strength training have a myriad of other health benefits including that heart-shaped booty you always wanted, but it can also help you build and keep your bones and body strong well into your golden years. 

In this well-studied area of the body, it has been shown that weight-bearing exercise benefits include: increased bone mineral density, increased bone size, reduced inflammation, increased muscle mass, and protection against bone loss and building stronger bones.

What is weight-bearing exercise? Weight-bearing exercises force you to work against gravity. That can mean many types of movement and exercises, anything where you have to move your own body weight and/or additional weight against gravity. 

Because studies show that different types of exercise may be better at creating bone density in different parts of the body it is best to vary your exercise type

You’ll find the LadyBoss® Pocket Personal Trainer to be a great health resource for a variety of exercises that can help you build strong bones, laid out in an easy to understand, time-saving plan.

Tip #2: Eat Enough Protein 

Not only does protein consumption have the health benefits of helping you build and recover muscle it plays a key role in calcium absorption in the body, and as you read above, calcium plays a role in your bone health and density as you age. 

A study involving about 144,000 postmenopausal participants found that those who ate an increased amount of protein saw a boost in overall stronger bone density. Collectively, the participants who ate more protein also experienced fewer fractures and got stronger bones.

To ensure you are consuming enough protein in your diet there are several strategies you can use to build stronger bones.  Take a good look at your overall protein consumption. Start by understanding what foods include protein, determining how much protein you consume, and how much you may need to add. 

Using the LadyBoss Pocket Personal Trainer’s meal plans and/or blocking method can help you. Using a meal replacement shake like LadyBoss® LEAN helps make sure you’re eating enough protein each day for your health.

Tip #3: Maintain Healthy Weight 

Each of us is a unique individual with unique health needs. No two bodies are exactly alike. A healthy strong weight may look different on each person but what applies to all humans is the fact that avoiding yo-yo-ing and fad diets can be beneficial in your journey towards a strong overall health as well as a boon to your bone density and stronger bones.

Studies found that rapid weight loss and cycling between gaining and losing can be a risk factor in bone density loss because a person losing weight on these quick-fix diets does not build sustainable habit change and often re-gains their original weight or even more. 

When the initial quick loss happens, often bone density is lost because healthy practices in nutrition and training are not employed. 

When the person’s weight returns or is exceeded these weight-related bone density losses are not regained, leaving a person with a higher body fat percentage to carry the same or more weight on a less strong structure. You can imagine the implications of that on your health.

Like all things with the human body, we really thrive with healthy sustainable change, that allows our bodies time to catch up to metabolic and structural needs that change with body recomposition (muscle building and fat loss). 

These types of health changes may take time but they are more likely to stick and become a lifestyle for a lifetime of healthy living as we age.

Tip #4: Eat Your Veggies To Build Stronger Bones

vegetables build bones

Eating a vegetable dense diet may help you maintain a healthy weight because vegetables are low in calories. They also provide vitamins, minerals, and fiber that have been shown to be a health benefit to our bones. 

Eating yellow and green vegetables, in particular, have been shown to promote bone growth in kids and help maintain bone density in adults. 

One study showed that vitamin C may help protect bones from damage, while another study showed participants who ate cabbage, broccoli, and other herbs and vegetables for three months were able to maintain strong bone density and experience less bone turnover. Researchers have attributed the results to the boost in polyphenols and potassium that the vegetables provided. 

So, there is a double benefit to women who are often the meal makers in the home, we can maintain our own bone density through eating plentiful vegetables while we also help our families, and friends, grow and be healthy, and strong too!

Tip #5: Eat Enough Calcium 

Protein may be essential to calcium absorption but you have to get the calcium in too! 

Some health dietary sources rich in calcium include; leafy greens like kale, beans, sardines, reduced-fat or nonfat dairy products, tofu, sesame, and tahini.

The best way to consume calcium is in small amounts throughout the day, rather than in one sitting. So, eating a variety of health foods is your best bet for consistent calcium consumption.

Tip #6: Vitamins and Minerals Matter

Here we are talking about vegetables again! 

As mentioned above, vegetables are excellent sources of vitamins and minerals to build stronger bones.  Some of the most important vitamins and minerals for bone health include Vitamin D and K as well as the minerals magnesium and zinc.

Vitamin K

Playing an essential role in stronger bone health, Vitamin K reduces calcium loss and helps minerals bind to the bones. 

Vitamin K-rich foods include green leafy vegetables, such as kale, spinach, turnip greens, collards, Swiss chard, mustard greens, parsley, romaine, green leaf lettuce, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage.

Some surprising choices include ..fermented foods like sauerkraut and cheese.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium. People with vitamin D deficiencies have a higher risk of losing bone mass as they age. Your body can’t build strong bones without Vitamin D regardless of the volume of calcium you consume for your health.

A person can absorb vitamin D through moderate sun exposure or from food like fatty fish, like tuna, mackerel, and salmon, or egg yolks. Other options include fortified foods, liver, and cheese.

Magnesium and Zinc

Magnesium plays a key role in converting vitamin D into the active form that promotes calcium absorption. 

Some great dietary sources of magnesium include dark chocolate, avocados, legumes, tofu, nuts, seeds, whole grains, some fatty fish, bananas, and those leafy greens again!  

You need trace amounts of zinc in your diet and it helps make up the mineral portion of your natural bones. Zinc also promotes the formation of bone-building cells and prevents the excessive breakdown of bone. Good sources of zinc include beef, shrimp, spinach, flaxseeds, oysters, and pumpkin seeds.

Tip #7: Live A Healthy Lifestyle 

strong bone building

Risk factors for low bone density include smoking, drinking and being sedentary. The more you can limit these unhealthy lifestyle choices, the better chance you have to build strong bones as you age. 

Tip #8: Prevent Falls By Strengthening Your Core

Most people would say, tidy up the home, and make sure there are no hazards present like those pesky Legos your kids leave lying around.

While  I agree with this, as a health and exercise advocate, I am going to bring this back around to your health training!  

Once you have established a safe and skill-appropriate strength training regimen, it is valuable to also strengthen your balance and build your core to prevent slip, trips, and falls. 

You can do this through specific unilateral balance work. That includes strong work like any single-sided variation of exercise. Or, even just standing on one leg and then the other for time. And, it includes core training. 

If your skeleton is your structure, your spine is the main support beam. Your core – including your abdominals, obliques and back extensors – supports that main support beam. A strong and stable core will make all movement more stable as well. The reason being, it supports your balance and agility to avoid slips, trips, and falls. 

Open your LadyBoss® Pocket Personal Trainer and check out those abs exercises. Safely and effectively using these exercises can lead you to a strong and healthy core.

Tip #9: Consume Foods High in Omega-3 Fats

Omega-3 fatty acids are often known for their anti-inflammatory effects. But, they have also been shown to help protect against bone density loss.

In other words, once you build strong bones, protect them with Omega-3 fatty acids.

Some awesome natural dietary sources of Omega-3s include chia seeds, flaxseeds, and walnuts, plus some fatty fish. 

Tip #10: Talk To Your Doctor

Bone density should be on the radar of all women, especially as we age. 

Use these strategies and techniques. But, always remember a coach or trainer can help you stay accountable and safe. A coach can guide you in a new strength training routine or your healthy nutrition habits. Only your health care provider should prescribe you health supplement vitamins or minerals. Likewise, your provider can help you decide if an increase in protein or other vitamin or mineral is right for you and your health. 

Your coach or trainer can work alongside your healthcare provider as part of a team. Your team should guarantee you have the best plan for maintaining and/or building bone density. 

build bones exercising

Build Stronger Bones

Every woman can benefit from including weight-bearing resistance training into her life. That means calisthenics, traditional weight or strength training, running, or a combination.  Choose the exercises that best meet your preferences and health needs. 

After all, the best exercises are the ones you will actually do. So, focus on building a solid and consistent exercise routine

And weight bearing resistance training builds strong bones.

The same reasonable mentality can go for your nutrition. Consuming a variety of colorful and nutrient-dense foods and lots of natural vegetables will serve most needs for vitamins and minerals. 

If you have any concerns regarding your bone density or health, call your doctor. Or, you are considering taking up a new nutrition or health exercise routine, call your doctor.

Always consult your doctor and make sure exercise and nutrition decisions are safe and appropriate for you as you age.



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